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论宋赋的滑稽艺术
2018年03月19日 15:18 来源:《中国人民大学学报》2015年05期 作者:刘培 字号

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  [摘要]辞赋创作自娱娱人的内在冲动相当明显,宋赋对滑稽描写相当重视。宋代文化重视学殖深淳、理趣盎然和道德情怀,这三者构成了宋赋滑稽艺术的基本要素。宋代文人大多兼具学者与作家身份,其诗文创作相当重视彰显学术,从互文性的角度来观宋赋的滑稽艺术,是非常有必要的。对于滑稽的世俗特色,宋人在辞赋创作中同样以提升的态度来面对,而非拒斥。游走于雅与俗之间的宋赋,在庄严与轻佻、高雅与平庸的巨大反差中凸显着滑稽艺术的幽默诙谐特色。宋赋能够在俳谐描写中以情观物,以理释情,融情入理,情理相谐,实现超越物象噱笑层次的幽默效果和情理感悟,让人在解颐之余产生感触与遐想。宋代文人士对现实政治具有批判精神,也具有整饬世道人心的道德自觉。宋赋继承滑稽艺术的这种淑世情怀,并将其发扬光大。

  [关键词]宋代;辞赋;滑稽;互文性;雅俗;理趣;道德情怀

  [作者简介]刘培,山东大学文史哲编辑部教授、博士生导师(山东 济南 250100)。

    On Comical Literary Technique of Song Fu 

    LIU Pei 

    (The Editorial Department of Literature,History and Philosophy, Shandong University,Jinan 250100) 

    Abstract: It is rather obvious that there is some inner impulse to entertain the author himself and other people in Cifu creation. Song Fu attached much importance on comical description as well. The culture of Song Dynasty paid abundant attention on deep cultivation, rational interest and noble moral, those three constitute basic elements of Song Fu’s comical creation. Most scholar-bureaucrats in Song Dynasty were both scholars and literati, so their works always manifested academic skills. It is highly desirable when we study Song Fu’s comical creation with a perspective of intertextuality. Scholar-bureaucrats in Song Dynasty also kept positive attitude instead of repulsion to mundane trait. Wandering between elegance and vulgarity, Song Fu made humorous feature of comical literary technique prominent with enormous contrasts between solemnity and frivolity, elegant and mediocrity. Song Fu could observe objects through feelings, explain feelings through reasons, merge feelings and reasons together and balance them well, so it was able to transcend the humor of objects’ comicality, and made people have strong feelings and vivid imagination when they were relaxed after reading Song Fu. Scholar-bureaucrats in Song Dynasty had critical spirits of realpolitik and conscientious moralities to the manners and morals of the time. Song Fu inherited the emotion of saving society from comical literary technique, and carry forward it. 

    Key words:Song Dynasty; Cifu; comical; intertextuality; elegance and vulgarity; philosophic flavor; morality and feelings 

作者简介

姓名:刘培 工作单位:

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